Treatment for kidney stones
For small ureterolithiasis having minimal symptoms:
- Drinking water that is at least 2 to 3 quarts or 1.9 to 2.8 liters in a day.
- Some of the pain relievers that can be prescribed by your doctor are ibuprofen like Advil and Motrin etc. , acetaminophen or Tylenol or others or for mild pain naproxen sodium i.e. Aleve.
For bigger stones showing symptoms:
- Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is a procedure that makes the use of sound waves to create vibrations (which are known as shock waves), strong enough to break the kidney-stones into very little pieces, that later passes out in the patient’s urine. This breaking of stone can create a loud sound and could be moderately painful. As a reason the patient may be lightly sedated or mild anesthesia may be used for the patient’s comfort.
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a procedure, which involves removing a kidney stone that is too large, surgically, by making a small back incision.
- The doctor will pass a thin tube with a light attached (ureteroscope) fixed with a camera through the urethra and the bladder to remove a stone in the ureter or kidney by maneuvering it to the kidney-stone. Once located, special tools designed for the task break the kidney stone into little bits which then pass out through the patient’s urine.